Pamukkale which is translated as Cotton Castle in Turkish, is famous for it’s terraces filled with natural spring water located on a mountainside.
It’s formed as hot spring water containing high quantities of calcium hydrogen carbonate runs over the surface of the ground and loses heat, thus an irreversible reaction occurs causing carbon dioxide, water and calcium carbonate to be produced. The calcium carbonate precipitated from this reaction is what gives the terraces a soft white colour. And if you walk along the terraces (shoes are not allowed) there will indeed be soft white powder sticking to your feet. This is an extremely alien looking landscape, and it’s no surprise that Unesco has taken it under it’s wing to protect the site.
Hierapolis is the ancient city right outside Pamukkale. Main attractions consist of a theatre that can fit 15,000 spectators, a large Christian church of St Philip which includes his tomb (but the location is currently still under archaeological excavation), where he was martryed in 80 A.D.
Laodicea is about 20 minutes away from Pamukkale, and it boasts 2 theatres, a stadium, and a water distribution tower. It’s a huge city because it was at the junction of the Silk Road and another major trading route, thus it was extremely wealthy. Mosaics have recently been discovered in the Bishop’s house, and soon after restoration it will be opened to the public, but nobody really knows when.
It’s amazing how the Romans could create such wonderful works of art that were their city. The pictures do not do the ancient cities justice at all! Oh I wish you could all come here to experience what I have. I will never forget this! I hope you found it informative, and I will continue to share more with you. As for now, ta-ta! 😀